The Icefountain in Dokkum

    Sil it ea noch heve

     

     

    “It was so long ago that we could barely remember what winter was, could only dream of the forgone days when the Frisian waters were covered by a dazzling layer of ice. We believed everything the prophets said about a new age, a changing climate, cool summers and mild winters – until suddenly a miracle happened.” 

     

     

     

               

    -Baron van Rengers van Welderen, secretary of the Association of the Eleven Cities of Friesland (1917)

     

    Opdrachtegever: Leeuwarden-Fryslân 2018

     

    Fontein Markt Dokkum 

    Totaalplan herinrichting Markt in Dokkum met  Hosper Stedebouw- en Landschapsarchitectuur en Enno Zuidema, de gemeente Dongeradeel en de klankbordgroep Dokkum

    In het kader van Leeuwarden Culturele Hoofdstad van Europa in 2018 ontwikkelde curator Anna Tilroe het idee om voor alle 11 steden in Friesland een blijvende fontein te laten ontwerpen door 11 internationale kunstenaars.

    Dit project wordt ondersteund door het Mondriaanfonds.

    De TU in Delft is betrokken bij de realisatie evenals Royal Haskoning DHV.

     

    Numerous articles, both old and new, describe how closely the Dutch correlate climate change with the disappearance of the Elfstedentocht (Eleven cities skating tour).

     

     

    Numerous articles, both old and new, describe how closely the Dutch correlate climate change with the disappearance of the Elfstedentocht (Eleven cities skating tour).

     

     

    Image from'Bar en boos' de winter van '63 met rechts de foto van Eric Koch

     

    The base form of the fountain was borrowed from a photograph taken by Eric Koch in 1963. Taken during that year’s fabled cold winter – even the North Sea froze over – the image depicts an ice sculpture formed out of retreating seawater. The fountain’s form, cast in concrete, refers to Dokkum’s past as a once important port city situated on the ocean’s edge. 

    An interplay of elements will determine how the ice is formed. The weather will influence how the fountain’s various parts freeze and thaw. Fresh drops of melt water will trickle onto frozen parts. Forming on the sides of the layered elements is a structure resembling icy beards. 

    The components are laid out according to the Fibonacci Spiral. Discovered by Fibonacci in the 13th century, this natural structure provides optimal light output in the way seeds, leaves and cell structures are organized. The sculpture reverses the Fibonacci Spiral. In doing so, it optimally protects the ice from both sunlight and rain. 

    The amount of ice that will form on the fountain depends on the amount of green energy generated. Solar panels are amongst the materials used in the work. If so desired, Dokkum residents can contribute to the sculpture’s energy from their own home panels. A energy cooperation will be created for this purpose. 

    The ice fountain is specifically designed for Dokkum’s Markt (market) and is surrounded by oak trees. These trees refer to the 7th century martyrs who, alongside Saint Boniface, were murdered at Dokkum in their attempt to Christianize the Frisians.

    Bonifacius cut down the sacred oaks the pagan Frisians worshiped. The Quercus Palustris (Pin oak) turns bright red in the autumn.

    The fountain and trees are part of a comprehensive redevelopment plan commissioned by the municipality of Dokkum and carried out by the urban development agencies Hosper and Enno Zuidema. 

    With a myriad of elements, the fountain will metamorphose from one day to the next. The ice expands and melts according to the temperature and the solar energy supplied. The surrounding trees alter to the seasons in their own natural rhythms.